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Dr James Endicott

Profile summary

Professional biography

Dr James Endicott has extensive industry experience in sensor technology and academic engagement. He worked for 11 years in Space and Scientific Imaging in engineering and business development at e2v, now Teledyne Ltd, and currently works at the OU for SPAN (Space Academic Network), representing the space research community to UKSA (UK Space Agency), industry, BEIS (Department of Business Energy and Industrial Strategy) and wider government. Whilst at the OU he has led the bids to win funding for TreeView from UKSA’s National Space Innovation Programme and has provided technical leadership as a Co-I and then PI for these projects.

Research interests

Image sensors, remote sensing, space instrumentation, machine learning and artificial intelligence.

Externally funded projects

TreeView Phase 2
RoleStart dateEnd dateFunding source
Lead01 Oct 202131 Mar 2022UKSA UK Space Agency

TreeView is an Earth Observation mission that will achieve precision forestry from space in the support of Nature-Based Solutions to tackle climate change. The expansion of tree cover is a critical component of the path to net zero but reaching this target will require extensive management of this resource. Through leveraging next-generation optical sensor technology and innovations across the payload and spacecraft development, TreeView will provide multispectral data at a ground sampling resolution on the scale of individual trees, providing measurement and monitoring capabilities at an unprecedented level. The proposed project builds on the successfully concluded feasibility study and will progress the hardware and software elements of TreeView to a Preliminary Design Review (PDR). The activities will focus on the development of the instrument from an initial concept to a finished design. The satellite bus is being developed and qualified through a European Space Agency funded project and has already passed its PDR. A mission specific “delta” PDR will be held in future phases of the TreeView programme once the payload PDR’s have also been passed to confirm the complete satellite is at sufficient design maturity. The data processing pipeline embodied largely in the Ground Segment, and outputting data products for dissemination, raw data for archiving and utilising ground validation will be reviewed in a Ground Segment PDR. Subject to further funding, the outcome of this project and a successful PDR will enable the TreeView team to commence procurement to develop the Engineering Model of the instrument and payload for the TreeView mission. In parallel spacecraft procurement and development of the Ground Segment through a model of commercially purchased services, national facilities, and support from the science team could commence. TreeView is on track to develop and launch the satellite and return data by the end of the Financial Year 2024-25.

TreeView: developing new capacity for the remote sensing of UK trees and forests
RoleStart dateEnd dateFunding source
Co-investigator01 Nov 202031 Mar 2021UKSA UK Space Agency

Tree and forest climate interactions are fundamental to a sustainable future and societal wellbeing. Trees are at the heart of the current political discourse, and the UK government is preparing to launch a strategy to accelerate tree planting and improve the management of existing trees and woodlands. The world is becoming increasingly urbanised, and urban trees are well recognised for their environmental, health and wellbeing benefits. Trees across the rural and urban landscape are going to play a central role as we move towards a net-zero emissions economy. The ability to measure, monitor and map the health and status of the UK’s trees is therefore essential to the UK’s future treescape and urban green infrastructure. Currently, tree identification can be achieved with high spatial resolution panchromatic imagery, but we need to go beyond this. We need to be able to not only map species within mixed assemblages, but also characterise the health and size of the trees. Furthermore, we need to be able to measure the particular configurations of urban environments and the small-scale but widespread plantings that are likely to feature prominently in planting programmes. Importantly, we need to be able to monitor changes over time – to quantify carbon sequestration; assess vulnerability and detect the onset of climatic stress or disease outbreak to facilitate early intervention; and to measure the success and monitor compliance of tree planting programmes. This requires going to the spatial scale of tree crowns but capturing the spectral information that will provide the information for classification and characterisation. Advances in both sensors and process understanding is closing the gap between canopy reflectance properties and its functional meaning, opening the possibility of detailed studies at the scale of individual trees and their responses to global change from space. Species identification and mapping has been demonstrated from airborne hyperspectral sensors, enabling species mapping across forests and urban areas. In this project we will push the limits of leading CMOS TDI sensors and optimise system configuration to develop a new platform for the classification, characterisation and monitoring of trees across urban and rural landscapes. Band selection will provide information on both plant health and will feed into classification algorithms developed from extensive ground truthing data. In this pathfinder phase of the project, our objectives are to (could include): 1. Refine band selection based on key vegetation characterisation indices and sensor constraints (from starting point of bands a,b,..f) 2. Develop classification algorithms from airborne hyperspectral data and extensive ground-truthing data sets. 3. Collect new airborne data specifically for one target market: railways 4. Produce the system requirements document for TreeView 5. Produce the mission requirements document for TreeView 6. Perform market analysis of end users across local and national government, commercial and research sectors

Publications

7 steps to SPAN the gap (2022-02)
Endicott, James
Astronomy & Geophysics, 63(1) (pp. 1.35-1.37)


Evaluation of the performance of the CCD236 swept charge devices in lunar orbit using in-flight data (2022)
Jones, L.S.; Crews, C.; Endicott, J. and Holland, A.D.
Journal of Instrumentation, 17(7)


The quest to fund small satellites (2020-11)
Endicott, James
Nature Astronomy, 4(11) (pp. 1015-1016)


Novel method for identifying the cause of inherent ageing in Electron Multiplying Charge Coupled Devices (2012)
Evagora, A. M.; Murray, N. J.; Holland, A. D.; Burt, D. and Endicott, J.
Journal of Instrumentation, 7(1) (C01023)


Off-plane x-ray grating spectrometer camera for IXO (2010-07-28)
Murray, Neil J.; Holland, Andrew D.; Harriss, Richard D.; Tutt, James H.; Barber, Simeon J.; Pool, Peter; Endicott, James; Burt, David; Walton, Dave; Page, Mat; McEntaffer, Randall L.; Schultz, Ted; Cash, Webster C.; Lillie, Chuck and Casement, Suzanne
Proceedings - SPIE the International Society for Optical Engineering, 7742(77420X)


A study of electron-multiplying CCDs for use on the International X-ray Observatory off-plane x-ray grating spectrometer (2010-07-20)
Tutt, James. H.; Holland, Andrew D.; Murray, Neil J.; Hall, David J.; McEntaffer, Randall L.; Endicott, James and Robbins, Mark
Proceedings - SPIE the International Society for Optical Engineering, 7742(774205)


Developments of the off-plane x-ray grating spectrometer for IXO (2010)
McEntaffer, R. L.; Murray, N. J.; Holland, A. D.; Tutt, J.; Barber, S. J.; Harriss, R.; Schultz, T.; Casement, S.; Lillie, C.; Dailey, D.; Johnson, T.; Danner, R.; Cash, W.; Zeiger, B.; Shipley, A.; Page, M.; Walton, D.; Pool, P.; Endicott, J. and Willingale, D.
Proceedings - SPIE the International Society for Optical Engineering, 7732 (77321K-77321K)


Sensing a challenge (2007)
Endicott, James
Physics World, 20(2) (pp. 42-42)


PROBING THE SCATTERING POTENTIAL OF N-IMPURITIES IN GaAs BY MAGNETO-TUNNELING (2007)
Allison, G.; Patanè, A.; Endicott, J.; Eaves, L.; Mori, N.; Kozlova, N.; Freudenberger, J.; Miura, N.; Maude, D. K. and Hopkinson, M.
International Journal of Modern Physics B, 21(08n09) (pp. 1600-1604)


Strong Effect of Resonant Impurities on Landau-Level Quantization (2006-06-16)
Allison, G.; Mori, N.; Patanè, A.; Endicott, J.; Eaves, L.; Maude, D. K. and Hopkinson, M.
Physical Review Letters, 96, Article 236802(23)


Effect of hydrostatic pressure on the fragmented conduction band structure of dilute Ga(AsN) alloys (2005)
Endicott, J.; Patanè, A.; Maude, D.; Eaves, L.; Hopkinson, M. and Hill, G.
Physical Review B, 72(4)


Probing the N-induced states in dilute GaAsN alloys by magneto-tunnelling (2004-02-06)
Endicott, James; Ibáñez, J; Patanè, A; Eaves, L; Bissiri, M; Hopkinson, M; Airey, R; Hill, G; Gollub, D and Forchel, A
Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures, 21(2-4) (pp. 892-896)


The unusual conduction band structure of Ga(AsN) probed by magneto-tunnelling and photocurrent spectroscopy (2004)
Patanè, A.; Endicott, J.; Ibáñez, J. and Eaves, L.
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 16(31) (S3171-S3185)


Magnetotunneling Spectroscopy of Dilute Ga(AsN) Quantum Wells (2003-09-19)
Endicott, J.; Patanè, A.; Ibáñez, J.; Eaves, L.; Bissiri, M.; Hopkinson, M.; Airey, R. and Hill, G.
Physical Review Letters, 91, Article 126802(12)


TreeView: A small satellite supporting precision forestry for nature-based solutions in a changing climate (2022-05)
Endicott, James; Holland, Andrew; Maseyk, Kadmiel; Fennell, Joseph; Morris, David; Jerram, Paul; Holland, Karren; Colebrook, David and Donchev, Anton
In : 4S Symposium 2022 (16-20 May 2022, Vilamoura, Portugal)


The focal plane camera for the Off-plane Grating Rocket Experiment (2022)
Evan, Daniel; Holland, Andrew; Endicott, James; Holland, Karen; Gopinath, David; Tutt, James H. and McEntaffer, Randall L.
In : SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation (17-23 Jul 2022, Montreal, Canada) (p 40)


Single event effects in 0.18 μm CMOS image sensors (2016-08-05)
Rushton, Joseph E.; Stefanov, Konstantin D.; Holland, Andrew D.; Bugnet, Henri; Mayer, Frederic; Cordrey-Gale, Matthew and Endicott, James
In : High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy VII (26 Jun - 1 Jul 2016, Edinburgh, United Kingdom)


A CMOS TDI image sensor for Earth observation (2015-09-01)
Rushton, Joseph E.; Stefanov, Konstantin D.; Holland, Andrew D.; Endicott, James; Mayer, Frederic and Barbier, Frederic
In : Nanophotonics and Macrophotonics for Space Environments IX (13-15 Aug 2015, San Diego, CA)


VIS: the visible imager for Euclid (2014)
Cropper, Mark; Pottinger, S.; Niemi, S.-M.; Denniston, J.; Cole, R.; Szafraniec, M.; Mellier, Y.; Berthé, M.; Martignac, J.; Cara, C.; di Giorgio, A. M.; Sciortino, A.; Paltani, S.; Genolet, L.; Fourmand, J.-J.; Charra, M.; Guttridge, P.; Winter, B.; Endicott, J.; Holland, A.; Gow, J.; Murray, N.; Hall, D.; Amiaux, J.; Laureijs, R.; Racca, G.; Salvignol, J.-C.; Short, A.; Lorenzo Alvarez, J.; Kitching, T.; Hoekstra, H. and Massey, R.
In : Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2014: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave (22-27 Jul 2014, Montréal, Quebec)


The Euclid VIS CCD detector design, development, and programme status (2014)
Short, A. D.; Barry, D.; Berthe, M.; Boudin, N.; Boulade, O.; Cole, R.; Cropper, M.; Duvet, L.; Endicott, J.; Gaspar Venancio, L.; Gow, J.; Guttridge, P.; Hall, D.; Holland, A.; Israel, H.; Kohley, R.; Laureijs, R.; Lorenzo Alvarez, J.; Martignac, J.; Maskell, J.; Massey, R.; Murray, N.; Niemi, S.-M.; Pool, P.; Pottinger, S.; Prod'homme, T.; Racca, G.; Salvignol, J-C; Suske, W.; Szafraniec, M.; Verhoeve, P.; Walton, D. and Wheeler, R.
In : High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy VI (22-27 Jun 2014, Montréal, Quebec)


Developing a high-resolution x-ray imager using electron-multiplying (EM) CCDs (2013)
Tutt, James H.; Hall, David J.; Holland, Andrew D.; Murray, Neil J. and Endicott, James
In : Hard X-Ray, Gamma-Ray, and Neutron Detector Physics XV (26-28 Aug 2013, San Diego)


Mitigating radiation-induced charge transfer inefficiency in full-frame CCD applications by ‘pumping’ traps (2012-09-25)
Murray, N. J.; Holland, A. D.; Gow, J. P. D.; Hall, D. J.; Tutt, James H.; Burt, D. and Endicott, J.
In : High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy V (1-6 Jul 2012, Amsterdam)


Charge-coupled devices for the ESA PLATO M-class Mission (2012-09-25)
Endicott, J.; Walker, A.; Bowring, S.; Turner, P.; Allen, D.; Piersanti, O.; Short, A. and Walton, D.
In : SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation (1-6 Jul 2012, Amsterdam, Netherlands)


The use of CCDs and EM-CCDs for future soft x-ray spectrometers (2012-09-17)
Tutt, James H.; Holland, Andrew D.; Murray, Neil J.; Hall, David J.; Endicott, James and McEntaffer, Randall L.
In : Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2012: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray (1-6 Jul 2012, Amsterdam)


Assessment of proton radiation-induced charge transfer inefficiency in the CCD273 detector for the Euclid Dark Energy Mission (2012)
Gow, J. P. D.; Murray, N. J.; Hall, D. J.; Clarke, A. S.; Burt, D.; Endicott, J. and Holland, A. D.
In : High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy V (1-6 Jul 2012, Amsterdam)


Charge-coupled devices for the ESA Euclid M-class mission (2012)
Endicott, J.; Darby, S.; Bowring, S.; Eaton, T.; Grey, A.; Swindells, I.; Wheeler, R.; Duvet, L.; Cropper, M.; Walton, D.; Holland, A.; Murray, N. and Gow, J.
In : High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy V (1-6 Jul 2012, Amsterdam)


VIS: the visible imager for Euclid (2012)
Cropper, Mark; Cole, R.; James, A.; Melier, Y; Martignac, J.; Di Giorgio, A. -M.; Paltani, S.; Genolet, L.; Fourmond, J. -J.; Cara, C.; Amiaux, J.; Guttridge, P.; Walton, D.; Thomas, P.; Rees, K.; Pool, P.; Endicott, J.; Holland, A.; Gow, J.; Murray, N.; Duvet, L.; Augueres, J. -L.; Laureijs, R.; Gondoin, P.; Kitching, T.; Massey, R. and Hoekstra, H.
In : Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2012: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave (Conference 8442) (1-6 Jul 2012, Amsterdam, Netherlands)


The use of EM-CCDs on high resolution soft x-ray spectrometers (2011-09)
Tutt, James; Holland, Andrew; Murray, Neil; Harriss, Richard; Hall, David; Soman, Matthew; McEntaffer, Randall L. and Endicott, James
In : UV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Space Instrumentation for Astronomy XVII (21-24 Aug 2011, San Diego)


Compact CMOS camera demonstrator (C3D) for Ukube-1 (2011-09)
Harriss, R. D.; Holland, A. D.; Barber, S. J.; Karout, S.; Burgon, R.; Dryer, B. J.; Murray, N. J.; Hall, D. J.; Smith, P. H.; Greig, T.; Tutt, J. H.; Endicott, J.; Jerram, P.; Morris, D.; Robbins, M.; Prevost, V. and Holland, K.
In : UV/Optical/IR Space Telescopes and Instruments: Innovative Technologies and Concepts V (8 Sep 2011, San Diego)


VIS: the visible imager for Euclid (2010-06)
Cropper, Mark; Guttridge, P.; Walton, D.; Thomas, P.; Rees, K.; Cole, R.; Refregier, A.; Boulade, O.; Augueresiaux,, J.-L.; Pool, P.; Endicott, J.; Holland, A.; Gow, J.; Murray, N.; Amara, A.; Lumb, D.; Duvet, L. and Hopkinson, G.
In : Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2010: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave (27 Jun - 02 Jul 2010, San Diego)


Improving radiation tolerance in e2v CCD sensors (2009-08-26)
Burt, D.; Endicott, J.; Jerram, P.; Poole, P.; Morris, D.; Hussain, A. and Ezra, P.
In : SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications (11-15 Aug 2019, San Diego, California, United States)


CCD readout for the IXO off-plane grating spectrometer (2009-08)
Holland, Andrew D.; Murray, Neil; Tutt, James; McEntaffer, Randall; Pool, Peter and Endicott, James
In : UV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Space Instrumentation for Astronomy XVI (02 Aug 2009, San Diego)


Improving CCD radiation tolerance (2009-09-10)
Endicott, James
SPIE