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Dr Peter van Calsteren

Professional biography

Peter van Calsteren, FRSC

Senior Research Fellow, Manager Open University Uranium-series laboratory Email: p.v.calsteren@open.ac.uk Web link: http://www2.open.ac.uk/ou-usf/ Direct Line: 01908 655155, Fax: 01908 655151

Research interests

  • Study the rate of Global Change in the recent past by combining the study of climate proxies associated or incorporated with authigenic carbonate, with timing information based on Uranium-series disequilibrium data. 
  • Theoretical modelling of dynamic melt generation processes from a Uranium-series disequilibrium perspective and the consequences for trace element variation patterns in continental alkali basalts, and plume related basalts from intra-plate and mid-ocean ridge environments. 
  • Uranium-series disequilibrium, long-lived isotope and trace element study of magmatism in the Taupo volcanic field in New Zealand and Toba on Sumatra. Both feature recent super-volcano eruptions and understanding the rate of magma-chamber evolution processes from detailed study crystals that were growing over extended periods, may lead to the development of new hazard monitoring strategies for these particularly devastating volcanic eruptions. 
  • Pre-eruptive processes, concentrating on gas generation and transport processes and the information available from radiogenic isotopes with half-lifes of days to months. 
  • Dating of archaeological bone for palaeo-anthropology, using the diffusion-adsorption model and U-series disequilibrium data.     
  • Multi-collector, thermal ionisation and ICP ionisation mass spectrometry, full dissolution and purification chemistry, Excimer laser ablation

Recent Publications:

  1. Hughes, P.D., J.C. Woodward, P.C. van Calsteren, L.E. Thomas, K.R. Adamson, (2010). Pleistocene ice caps on the coastal mountains of the Adriatic Sea, Quaternary Science Reviews, 29, 27-28, 3690-3708, doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.06.032
  2. J.A. Turner, M.R. Leeder, J.E. Andrews, P.J. Rowe, P. Van Calsteren and L. Thomas. (2010). Testing rival tectonic uplift models for the Lechaion Gulf in the Gulf of Corinth rift. Journal of the Geological Society. 167; p. 1237-1250. doi:10.1144/0016-76492010-03
  3. Cockell, C. S., van Calsteren, Peter, Mosselmans, J. Fred W., Franchi, Ian A., Gilmour, Iain, Kelly, Laura, Olsson-Francis, Karen, Johnson, Diane, JC24 Shipboard Sci Party. (2010). Microbial endolithic colonization and the geochemical environment in young seafloor basalts. Chemical Geology, 279(1-2), 17-30.  doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2010.09.015
  4. Jex, C., Baker, A., Eastwood, W., Fairchild, I.J., Leng, M., Sloane, H., Thomas, L. Berkaroglu, E. (2010). Calibration of δ18O with Instrumental Climatic Records from a ModernTurkish Speleothem., Journal of Global Planetary Change, 71, 3-4, 207-217. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2009.08.004
  5. Baker, A., Asrat, A., Fairchild, I.J., Leng, M.J., Thomas, L., Widmann, M., Jex, C.N., Dong, Buwen, van Calsteren, P., Bryant, C. (2010). Decadal-scale rainfall variability in Ethiopia recorded in an annually laminated, Holocene-age, stalagmite. The Holocene, 20: 827-836. doi:10.1177/0959683610365934
  6. Stone, A. E. C., Viles, H. A., Thomas, L., van Calsteren, P. (2010) Quaternary tufa deposition in the Naukluft Mountains, Namibia, Journal of Quaternary Research: 25(8), 1360-1372. DOI: 10.1002/jqs.1435
  7. Pogge von Strandmann, P.A.E, Burton, K.W., James, R.H., van Calsteren, P and Gislason, S.R. (2010). Assessing the role of climate on uranium and lithium isotope behaviour in rivers draining a basaltic terrain. Chemical Geology, 270 (1-4), 227-239. doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2009.12.002
  8. Wainer, K., Genty, D., Damart, B,. Daëron, D.M., Vonhof, H., Dublyansky, Y., Guo, W., Pons-Branchu, E., Thomas, L.E., Calsteren, P. van, Quinif, Y., Caillon, N., Robin, E., (2009). Speleothem record of the last 180 ka in Villars cave (SW France): investigation of a large d18O shift between MIS-6 and MIS-5. JQSR-D-10-00011R2, : Quaternary Science Reviews: 30, 1-2, 130-146doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.07.004
  9. Searle, R.C., Murton, B. J., Achenbach, K., LeBas, T., Tivey, M., Yeo, I., Cormier, M., Carlut, J., Ferreira, P, Mallows, C., Morris, K., Shroth, N, Calsteren, P. van, Waters, C. (2010). Structure of an Axial Volcanic Ridge: Mid-Atlantic Ridge, 45°N. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 299, 228–241. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2010.09.003
  10.   Roberts, G. P., Houghton, S.L., Underwood, C., Papanikolaou, I., Cowie, P.A., van Calsteren, P., Wigley, T., Cooper, F.J. and McArthur, J.M. (2009). Localization of Quaternary slip rates in an active rift in 105 years: An example from central Greece constrained by 234U-230Th coral dates from uplifted paleoshorelines, Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, B10406. doi:10.1029/2008JB005818
  11. Pogge von Strandmann, P.A.E., James, R.H.,, Peter van Calsteren, P. van, Gíslason, S.R., Kevin W. Burton, K.W. (2008): Lithium, magnesium and uranium isotope behaviour in the estuarine environment of basaltic islands. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 274, 462–471.
  12.  Pogge von Strandmann, P.A.E. Burton, K.W., James, R.H., Calsteren, P. van, Gislason, S.R., & Sigfússon, B. (2008). The influence of weathering processes on riverine magnesium isotopes in a basaltic terrain. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 276 (1-2), 187-197, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.09.020
  13.  Marshall, J.D., Lang, B., Crowley, S.F., Weedon, G.P., Calsteren, P. van, Fisher, E.H., Holme, R., Holmes, J.A., Jones, R.T., Bedford, A., Brooks, S.J., Bloemendal, J., Kiriakoulakis, K., Ball, J.D. (2007): Terrestrial impact of abrupt changes in the North Atlantic thermohaline circulation: Early Holocene, UK.Geology; 35-7,639-642; doi: 10.1130/G23498A
  14.  Asrat, A., Baker, A., Umer, M., Leng, M.J., van Calsteren, P. and Smith, C.L., 2007. A high-resolution multi-proxy stalagmite record from Mechara, Southeastern Ethiopia: Paleohydrological implications for speleothem paleoclimate reconstruction. Journal of Quaternary Science, 22, 53-63. 
  15.  Calsteren, P. van, Thomas, L.E. (2006). Uranium-series dating applications in natural environmental science. Earth Science Reviews, 75, 155-175.

Research Activity

Research groups

NameTypeParent Unit
Centre for Earth, Planetary, Space and Astronomical Research (CEPSAR)CentreFaculty of Science

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