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Dr Paul Piwek

Profile summary

  • Central Academic Staff
  • Senior Lecturer
  • Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics
  • School of Computing & Communications
  • paul.piwek

Professional biography

Dr Paul Piwek holds first-class degrees (both cum laude) from the Universities of Tilburg and Amsterdam. He studied linguistics, computer science and philosophy (Tilburg University, Netherlands) and the philosophy of linguistics and cognitive science (University of Amsterdam, Netherlands). He gained his PhD in 1998 at the Institute for Perception Research (Eindhoven University and Philips Research) with a thesis entitled 'Logic, Information & Conversation'. Currently, he is a Senior Lecturer (i.e. Associate Professor) in computing at the Open University.

He has co-chaired several workshops and conferences, including the 2004 International Natural Language Generation Conference, the 2010 Question Generation Workshop (and Shared Task and Evaluation Campaign) and the 2014 AISB symposium on Questions, Dialogue and Discourse. He has edited special issues of journals such as Discourse Processes, the Journal of Logic, Language and Information, Language & Computation and Discourse & Dialogue.

He has led several projects at the Open University, with funding from the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), the National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts (NESTA), and the eSTEeM initiave.

His research has been published in top conferences (including ACL, COLING, EACL, IVA, and NAACL) and journals (including Artificial Intelligence, Synthese, Journal of Logic, Language & Information, and the Journal of Pragmatics).

Research interests

Dr Piwek's research is driven by the question ‘How do we, humans, use language to communicate information?’ What is it that allows us to communicate information about objects, people, events, situations and even abstract ideas by producing certain noises or making ink marks on a piece of paper? How do we use language and gestures, such as pointing, to refer to the things in our surroundings? What makes us ask a question? What role do reasoning and argumentation play in our ability to communicate with each other? He studies these questions by constructing computer programs that simulate how people produce and understand language. His work draws on insights and ideas from several fields of study including linguistics, computer science, philosophy and cognitive science. His theoretical work is complemented by several initiatives that translate the results from this work into tools that help people navigate, communicate and use information more effectively.

Teaching interests

Dr Piwek has written Level 1 materials on information overload and freedom of information in the digital age. This includes a unit which helps students develop their argumentation skills using the argument mapping technique. He chaired the production of a Level 2 module on algorithms, data structures and computability. For this module he also authored materials on computational thinkingproof, computability and computational complexity.

Dr Piwek is involved in an ongoing collaboration with Prendinger Lab at the National Institute for Informatics in Tokyo.

Research Activity

Research groups

NameTypeParent Unit
CRC (LM & KT): Natural Language GenerationGroupFaculty of Mathematics, Computing and Technology
CRC (LM & KT): Natural Language ProcessingGroupFaculty of Mathematics, Computing and Technology
CRC: Language, Multimedia and Knowledge TechnologiesGroupFaculty of Mathematics, Computing and Technology

Publications

Sentiment and behaviour annotation in a corpus of dialogue summaries (2015-04-01)
Roman, Norton Trevisan; Piwek, Paul; Carvalho , Ariadne Maria Brito Rizzoni and Alvares, Alexandre Rossi
Journal of Universal Computer Science, 21(4) (pp. 561-586)
A detailed account of the First Question Generation Shared Task Evaluation challenge (2012-03)
Rus, Vasile; Wyse, Brendan; Piwek, Paul; Lintean, Mihai; Stoyanchev, Svetlana and Moldovan, Cristian
Dialogue & Discourse, 3(2) (pp. 177-204)
Varieties of Question Generation: introduction to this special issue (2012-03)
Piwek, Paul and Boyer, Kristy Elizabeth
Dialogue & Discourse, 3(2) (pp. 1-9)
Dialogue structure and logical expressivism (2011-10-11)
Piwek, Paul
Synthese, 183(Suppl. 1) (pp. 33-58)
'Proximal' and 'distal' in language and cognition: Evidence from deictic demonstratives in Dutch (2008-04)
Piwek, Paul; Beun, Robbert-Jan and Cremers, Anita
Journal of Pragmatics, 40(4) (pp. 694-718)
Natural language processing in CLIME, a multilingual legal advisory system (2008-01)
Evans, Roger; Piwek, Paul; Cahill, Lynne and Tipper, Neil
Natural Language Engineering, 14(1) (pp. 101-132)
Fully generated scripted dialogue for embodied agents (2008)
van Deemter, Kees; Krenn, Brigitte; Piwek, Paul; Klesen, Martin; Schröder, Marc and Baumann, Stefan
Artificial Intelligence, 172(10) (pp. 1219-1244)
Meaning and Dialogue Coherence: A Proof-theoretic Investigation (2007-10)
Piwek, Paul
Journal of Logic, Language and Information, 16(4) (pp. 403-421)
Generating under global constraints: the case of scripted dialogue (2007-06)
Piwek, Paul and Van Deemter, Kees
Research on Language and Computation, 5(2) (pp. 237-263)
Perspectives on dialogue: Introduction to this special issue (2006-02-24)
Piwek, Paul
Research on Language and Computation, 4(2-3) (pp. 143-152)
Dialogue with computers: dialogue games in action (2017-01-01)
Piwek, Paul
In: Mildorf, Jarmila and Thomas, Bronwen eds. Dialogue across Media. Dialogue studies (28) ((In press))
ISBN : 9789027210456 | Publisher : John Benjamins | Published : Amsterdam
Three principles of information flow: conversation as a dialogue game (2011-04-11)
Piwek, Paul
In: Ramage, Magnus and Chapman, David eds. Perspectives on Information. Routledge Studies in Library and Information Science (9) (pp. 106-120)
ISBN : 9780415884105 | Publisher : Routledge | Published : New York, USA
Generating Dialogues for Virtual Agents Using Nested Textual Coherence Relations (2008)
Hernault, Hugo; Piwek, Paul; Prendinger, Helmut and Ishizuka, Mitsuru
In: Intelligent Virtual Agents (pp. 139-145)
ISBN : 978-3-540-85482-1 | Publisher : Springer
Politeness and bias in dialogue summarization: two exploratory studies (2006)
Roman, Norton; Piwek, Paul and Carvalho, Ariadne M.B.R.
In: Shanahan, James G.; Qu, Yan and Wiebe, Janyce eds. Computing attitude and affect in text: theory and applications. The Information Retrieval Series (20)
ISBN : 1402040261 | Publisher : Springer | Published : Dordrecht, The Netherlands
Generating multimedia presentations: from plain text to screenplay (2005)
Piwek, Paul; Power, Richard; Scott, Donia and Van Deemter, Kees
In: Stock, Oliviero and Zancanaro, Massimo eds. Multimodal intelligent information presentation. Text, speech and language technology (pp. 203-226)
ISBN : 1402030495 | Publisher : Springer | Published : Dordrecht, The Netherlands
Relating imperatives to action (2001)
Piwek, Paul
In: Bunt, Harry and Beun, Robbert-Jan eds. Cooperative multimodal communication. Lecture notes in artificial intelligence series (pp. 140-155)
Publisher : Springer | Published : Berlin, Germany
Multimodal Cooperative Resolution of Referential Expressions in the DENK System (2001)
Kievit, Leen; Piwek, Paul; Beun, Robbert-Jan and Bunt, Harry
In: Cooperative Multimodal Communication (pp. 197-216)
ISBN : 978-3-540-42806-0 | Publisher : Springer
Presuppositions in Context: Constructing Bridges (2000-07)
Piwek, P. and Krahmer, E.
In: Bonzon, P.; Cavalcanti, M. and Nossum, R. eds. Formal Aspects of Context. Applied Logic Series (pp. 85-106)
ISBN : 792363507 | Publisher : Kluwer Academic Publishers | Published : Dordrecht
Presupposition projection as proof construction (1999)
Krahmer, Emiel and Piwek, Paul
In: Bunt, Harry and Muskens, Reinhard eds. Computing Meaning. Studies in Linguistics & Philosophy (pp. 281-300)
Publisher : Kluwer Academic Publishers | Published : Dordrecht
Special Issue on Question Generation (2012-03)
Piwek, Paul and Boyer, Kristy Elizabeth eds.
Dialogue & Discourse
Publisher : Dialogue and Discourse (D&D)
Proceedings of QG2010: The Third Workshop on Question Generation (2010-06-18)
Boyer, Kristy Elizabeth and Piwek, Paul
Boyer, Kristy Elizabeth and Piwek, Paul eds.
Publisher : questiongeneration.org | Published : Pittsburgh
Measuring Non-cooperation in Dialogue (2016-12)
Plüss, Brian and Piwek, Paul
In : Proceedings of the 26th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING 2016) (December 11-16, 2016, Osaka, Japan)
Collecting Reliable Human Judgements on Machine-Generated Language: The Case of the QG-STEC Data (2016-09-08)
Godwin, Keith and Piwek, Paul
In : 9th International Natural Language Generation Conference (5-8 Sept 2016 , Edinburgh, UK) (pp. 212-216)
Towards explaining rebuttals in security arguments (2014-12-10)
Yu, Yijun; Piwek, Paul; Tun, Thein Than and Nuseibeh, Bashar
In : 14th Workshop on Computational Models of Natural Argument (10 December 2014, Krakow, Poland)
Towards a computational account of inferentialist meaning (2014-04-03)
Piwek, Paul
In : 50th Annual Convention of the AISB (AISB50) (1-4 April 2014, London, UK)
Introducing a corpus of human-authored dialogue summaries in Portuguese (2013-09)
Trevisan Roman, Norton; Piwek, Paul; M. B. Rizzoni Carvalho, Ariadne and Rossi Alvares, Alexandre
In : International Conference Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing (RANLP 2013) (7-13 September 2013, Hissar, Bulgaria)
Predicting the understandability of OWL inferences (2013-05)
Nguyen, Tu Anh T.; Power, Richard; Piwek, Paul and Williams, Sandra
In : Extended Semantic Web Conference 2013 (ESWC 2013) - Research Track (26th May to 30th May, 2013, Montpellier, France) (pp. 109-123)
Supporting computing and technology distance learning students with developing argumentation skills (2013-03)
Piwek, Paul
In : IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference (EDUCON 2013) (12-15 March 2013, Berlin)
Measuring the understandability of deduction rules for OWL (2012-10)
Nguyen, Tu; Power, Richard; Piwek, Paul and Williams, Sandra
In : First International Workshop on Debugging Ontologies and Ontology Mappings (8th October 2012, Galway, Ireland)
Fully automated generation of question-answer pairs for scripted virtual instruction (2012-09)
Kuyten, Pascal; Bickmore, Timothy; Stoyanchev, Svetlana; Piwek, Paul; Prendinger, Helmut and Ishizuka, Mitsuru
In : 12th International Conference on Intelligent Virtual Agents ( 12 - 14 September 2012, Santa Cruz, CA, USA)
Planning accessible explanations for entailments in OWL ontologies (2012-05)
Nguyen, Tu Anh T.; Power, Richard; Piwek, Paul and Williams, Sandra
In : 7th International Natural Language Generation Conference (INLG 2012) (30 May-1 June 2012, Utica, IL, USA) (pp. 110-114)
Modelling non-cooperative dialogue: the role of conversational games and discourse obligations (2011-09)
Plüss, Brian; Piwek, Paul and Power, Richard
In : 15th Workshop on the Semantics and Pragmatics of Dialogue (21-23 September 2011, Los Angeles) (pp. 212-213)
The CODA system for monologue-to-dialogue generation (2011-06)
Stoyanchev, Svetlana and Piwek, Paul
In : 12th Annual Meeting on Discourse and Dialogue (17-18 June 2011, Portland, Oregon, USA)
Data-oriented monologue-to-dialogue generation (2011-06)
Piwek, Paul and Stoyanchev, Svetlana
In : 49th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics:shortpapers (19-24 June 2011, Portland, Oregon) (pp. 242-247)
Comparing Modes of Information Presentation: Text versus ECA and Single versus Two ECAs (2011)
Stoyanchev, Svetlana; Piwek, Paul and Prendinger, Helmut
In : Intelligent Virtual Agents ( 14 - 17 September 2011, Reykjavik, Iceland)
Harvesting re-usable high-level rules for expository dialogue generation (2010-07)
Stoyanchev, Svetlana and Piwek, Paul
In : 6th International Natural Language Generation Conference (INLG 2010) (7-8 July 2010, Dublin, Ireland)
The First Question Generation Shared Task Evaluation Challenge (2010-07)
Rus, Vasile; Wyse, Brendan; Piwek, Paul; Lintean, Mihai; Stoyanchev, Svetlana and Moldovan, Cristian
In : Proceedings of the Sixth International Natural Language Generation Conference (INLG 2010) (7-9 July 2010, Trim Castle, Ireland)
Generating expository dialogue from monologue: Motivation, corpus and preliminary rules (2010-06-01)
Piwek, Paul and Stoyanchev, Svetlana
In : 11th Annual Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Forthcoming) (1 - 6 June 2010, Los Angeles)
Question generation in the CODA project (2010-06)
Piwek, Paul and Stoyanchev, Svetlana
In : The Third Workshop on Question Generation (18 June 2010, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA)
Constructing the CODA corpus: A parallel corpus ofmonologues and expository dialogues (2010-05-18)
Stoyanchev, Svetlana and Piwek, Paul
In : The seventh international conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC) (Forthcoming) (18 - 21 May 2010, Malta)
Making tacit requirements explicit (2009-09-01)
Gacitua, R.; Ma, L.; Nuseibeh, B.; Piwek, P.; De Roeck, A.; Rouncefield, M.; Sawyer, P.; Willis, A. and Yang, H.
In : Second International Workshop on Managing Requirements Knowledge (MaRK’09) (1 Sep 2009, Altanta, USA)
On presuppositions in requirements (2009-09)
Ma, Lin; Nuseibeh, Bashar; Piwek, Paul; De Roeck, Anne and Willis, Alistair
In : 2009 Second International Workshop on Managing Requirements Knowledge (MaRK'09) (1 September 2009, Atlanta, Georgia, USA)
Salience and pointing in multimodal reference (2009-07-29)
Piwek, Paul
In : Proceedings of Production of Referring Expressions: Bridging the gap between computational and empirical approaches to generating reference (PRE-CogSci 2009) (29 July 2009, Amsterdam)
Salience in the generation of multimodal referring acts (2009)
Piwek, Paul
In : 2009 International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces (2-6 November 2009, Cambridge, Mass) (p 207)
Generating questions from OpenLearn study units (2009)
Wyse, Brendan and Piwek, Paul
In : AIED 2009 Workshop Proceedings Volume 1: The 2nd Workshop on Question Generation (6-9 July 2009, Brighton, UK)
Effective tutoring with affective embodied conversational agents (2009)
Moyo, Sharon and Piwek, Paul
In : 14th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (6 - 10 July 2009, Brighton, UK) (pp. 767-768)
Presenting Arguments as Fictive Dialogue (2008)
Piwek, Paul
In : Proceedings of 8th Workshop on Computational Models of Natural Argument (CMNA08; in conjunction with ECAI 2008) (21 July 2008, Patras, Greece)
Simulating emotional reactions in medical dramas (2008)
Williams, Sandra; Power, Richard and Piwek, Paul
In : Proceedings of the Symposium on Affective Language in Human and Machine, Volume 2, The Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and the Simulation of Behaviour (AISB) 2008 Convention: Communication, Interaction and Social Intelligence (1-2 April 2008, Aberdeen, UK)
T2D: Generating Dialogues Between Virtual Agents Automatically from Text (2007-09)
Piwek, Paul; Hernault, Hugo; Prendinger, Helmut and Ishizuka, Mitsuru
In : Proceedings of 7th International Conference on Intelligent Virtual Agents (17-19 September 2007, Paris) (pp. 161-174)
Modality Choice for Generation of Referring Acts: Pointing versus Describing (2007-01)
Piwek, Paul
In : Proceedings of Workshop on Multimodal Output Generation (MOG 2007) (25-26 Jan 2007, Aberdeen, Scotland) (pp. 129-139)
Generating monologue and dialogue to present personalised medical information to patients (2007)
Williams, Sandra; Piwek, Paul and Power, Richard
In : Proceedings of the 11th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation (17-20 Jun 2007)
Dialogue Games for Crosslingual Communication (2007)
Piwek, Paul; Hardcastle, David and Power, Richard
In : Proceedings of DECALOG, The 2007 Workshop on the Semantics and Pragmatics of Dialogue (1 May - 30 June 2007, University of Trento, Italy)
The ALLIGATOR Theorem Prover for Dependent Type Systems: Description and Proof Sample (2006)
Piwek, Paul
In : Proceedings of the 5th Workshop on Inference in Computational Semantics (ICoS-5) (20 - 21 April 2006, Buxton, UK)
Reference and Gestures in Dialogue Generation: Three Studies with Embodied Conversational Agents (2005)
Piwek, Paul; Masthoff, Judith and Bergenstrahle, Malin
In : Proceedings of AISB05 Joint Symposium on Virtual Social Agents Symposium (12 - 15 April 2005, University of Herfordshire, UK)
A Flexible pragmatics-driven language generator for animated agents (2003)
Piwek, Paul
In : 10th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics (12-17 Apr 2003, Budapest, Hungary)
RRL: A Rich Representation Language for the Description of Agent Behaviour in NECA (2002-07)
Piwek, Paul; Krenn, Brigitte; Schroeder, Marc; Grice, Martine; Baumann, Stefan and Pirker, Hannes
In : Proceedings of AAMAS 2002 workshop: Embodied conversational agents - let's specify and evaluate them! (2002, Bologna, Italy)
Towards automated generation of scripted dialogue: some time-honoured strategies (2002)
Piwek, Paul and van Deemter, Kees
In : Proceedings of EDILOG: 6th workshop on the semantics and pragmatics of dialogue (4-6 Sept 2002, Edinburgh, UK)
Generation of multi-modal dialogue for a net environment (2002)
Krenn, B.; Pirker, H.; Grice, M.; Baumann, S.; Piwek, P.; van Deemter, K.; Schroeder, M.; Klesen, M. and Gstrein, E.
In : Proceedings of KONVENS-02 (30 Sept-02 Oct 2002, Saarbruecken, Germany)
A Formal Semantics for Editing and Generating Plurals (2000)
Piwek, Paul
In : Proceedings of the 18th conference on Computational linguistics (31 July - 4 August 2000, Saarbrücken, Germany) (pp. 607-613)
Accent Interpretation, Anaphora Resolution and Implicature Derivation (1997)
Piwek, Paul
In : Proceedings of the 11th Amsterdam Colloquium (17-20 Dec 1997, University of Amsterdam) (pp. 55-60)
Justification Patterns for OWL DL Ontologies (2011-05-25)
Nguyen, Tu Anh T.; Power, Richard; Piwek, Paul and Williams, Sandra
Department of Computing, The Open University

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