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Dr Elaine Moore

Professional biography

Reader in Theoretical Chemistry

Co-author of Solid State Chemistry: An Introduction, (4th edition) Taylor and Francis Group LLC, 2012..

My main research interest is in computational solid state chemistry, particularly in the effect of point defects on properties of the solid. A  recent project applies computational chemistry to biological chemistry. 

Research interests

The properties of solids are often profoundly changed by the substitution of a small number of atoms (dopant atoms) by atoms of a different element. I am interested in using different computational techniques to rationalise and predict structures, magnetic and electrical properties of solids containing dopant atoms. Atomistic simulation is used to determine the preferred location of dopant atoms. Magnetic ordering, band structure and band gaps are investigated using ab initio methods.

A recent extension to this work is the use of atomistic simulation to study biological molecules.

Previously I worked on the theory and calculation of parameters describing magnetic resonance spectra and still retain some interest in this area.

 

Current Research Interests

Exploration of band structure and spin states of transition metal oxides

This uses ab initio calculations to explore the effect of point defects and atom substitution on transition metal oxides. Substitution of different atoms can lead to a solid becoming or ceasing to be ferromagnetic, or acquiring increased magnetoresistance. Such properties are exploited in the electronics industry.

Nano particle catalysts for direct oxidation fuel cells

 

 

Modelling of pairing of modified DNA bases

Modified bases are the focus of this particular study as they are of paramount significance due to the genetic information contained within these bases, and hence their importance in carcinogenesis, mutation and even their use in cancer therapy. In our efforts to understand the roles of base-damaged DNA in cancer, Dr. Xu and co-workers have developed methods for chemical synthesis of 6-thioguanine and 4-thiothymine in DNA and explored their chemical and biological properties. However there is no molecular explanation of such marked difference between these two similar thio-bases.
The aim of this project is to model base pairing in cases like these to aid in our understanding of why some modifications lead to incorrect pairing but not others.
 
 
 
 

Teaching interests

My teaching interests are mainly in inorganic and theoretical chemistry and I was chair of the residential school module Transition Metal Chemistry:Synthesis and Structure, SXR343. I also contributed to Inorganic Chemistry, S343, Metals and Life 347 and an analytical science module, S240.

I am currently chairing  a new level 2 chemistry module, S215 Chemistry:essential concepts which is delivered entirely onscreen.

In the past I have contributed to  The Molecular World, S205, The Quantum World, SM358, and Planetary Science and the search for Life, S283. I also made contributions to several courses that are no longer presented: Discovering Science, S103, Inorganic Chemistry: Concepts and Case Studies, S247, Astronomy and Planetary Science, S281 and Matter in the Universe, S256.

With Dr. L. E. Smart I have produced an undergraduate textbook in Solid State Chemistry which is now in its 4th edition : Solid State Chemistry: An Introduction, L. E. Smart and E. A. Moore, CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group LLC, 2012.

I have also delivered lectures in computational chemistry to M.Sc. students in Ethiopia and Sudan.

Research Activity

Research groups

NameTypeParent Unit
Biomedical Research Network (BRN)NetworkFaculty of Science
Centre for Earth, Planetary, Space and Astronomical Research (CEPSAR)CentreFaculty of Science

Publications

Computational modelling of inorganic solids (2013)
Moore, Elaine Ann
Annual Reports on the Progress of Chemistry, Section A: Inorganic Chemistry, 109 (pp. 421-435)
Computational modelling of inorganic solids (2012-07)
Moore, Elaine Ann
Annual Reports on the Progress of Chemistry, Section A: Inorganic Chemistry, 108(1) (pp. 449-463)
Atomistic simulation and ab initio study of the defect structure of spinel-related Li0.5-0.5xMgxFe2-0.5xO4 (2012)
Widatallah, H. M.; Moore, E. A.; Babo, A. A.; Al-Barwani, M. S. and Elzain, M.
Materials Research Bulletin, 47(12) (pp. 3995-4000)
Formation, cationic site exchange and surface structure of mechanosynthesized EuCrO3 nanocrystalline particles (2011-07)
Widatallah, H. M.; Al-Harthi, S. H.; Johnson, C.; Klencsár, Z.; Gimelseed, A. M.; Moore, E. A. ; Al-Rawas, A. D.; Wynter, C. I. and Brown, D. E.
Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 44, Article 265403(26)
Structure and magnetic properties of the cubic oxide fluoride BaFeO2F (2011-06)
Berry, Frank J.; Coomer, Fiona C.; Hancock, Cathryn; Helgason, Őrn; Moore, Elaine A.; Slater, Peter R.; Wright, Adrian J. and Thomas, Michael F.
Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 184(6) (pp. 1361-1366)
Computational modelling of inorganic solids (2011-05)
Moore, Elaine
Annual Reports on the Progress of Chemistry, Section A: Inorganic Chemistry, 107
Fluorination of perovskite-related phases of composition SrFe1-xSnxO3-delta (2009-06-24)
Berry, Frank J.; Bowfield, Andrew F.; Coomer, Fiona C.; Jackson, Simon D.; Moore, Elaine A.; Slater, Peter R.; Thomas, Michael F.; Wrtght, Adrian J. and Ren, Xiaolin
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 21(25) (p 256001)
The Formation of Nanocrystalline SrFeO3−δ Using Mechano-Synthesis and Subsequent Sintering: Structural and Mössbauer Studies (2009-04)
Widatallah, H. M.; Al-Rawas, A. D.; Johnson, C.; Al-Harthi, S. H.; Gismelseed, A. M.; Moore, E. A. and Stewart, S. J.
Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 9(4) (p 2510)
Magnetic order in tin-doped thiospinels (2009-02-15)
Berry, F. J.; Lyubutin, I. S.; Moore, E. A.; Thomas, M. F. and Dmitrieva, T. V.
Materials Chemistry and Physics, 113(2-3) (pp. 714-716)
Synthesis and structural investigation of a new oxide fluoride of composition Ba2SnO2.5F3·xH2O (x≈0.5) (2008-09)
Berry, Frank J.; Moore, Elaine; Mortimer, Michael; Ren, Xiaolin; Heap, Richard; Slater, Peter and Thomas, Michael F.
Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 181(9) (pp. 2185-2190)
Computational modelling of inorganic solids (2008-04-25)
Moore, Elaine
Annual Reports on the Progress of Chemistry, Section A: Inorganic Chemistry, 104 (pp. 46-63)
Magnetic order in perovskite-related SrFeO2F (2008)
Berry, F. J.; Heap, R.; Helgason, O.; Moore, E. A.; Shim, S.; Slater, P. R. and Thomas, M. F.
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 20(21) (pp. 215207-215212)
Iron-57 Mössbauer spectroscopic study of fluorinated strontium orthoferrite (2008)
Berry, F. J.; Moore, E. A.; Ren, X.; Helgason, Ö.; Thomas, M. F. and Shim, S.
Hyperfine Interactions, 185(1-3) (pp. 111-114)
First-principles study of the mixed oxide alpha-FeCrO3 (2007-11-02)
Moore, Elaine
Physical Review B, 76(19) (p 195107)
Iron(III) as a defect in diantimony tetroxide (2007-08-04)
Moore, Elaine and Widatallah, Hisham
Materials Research Bulletin, 43(8-9) (pp. 2361-2367)
Periodic ab initio calculation of nuclear quadrupole parameters as an assignment tool in solid state NMR spectroscopy: applications to ²³Na NMR spectra of crystalline materials (2005-05)
Johnson, Clive; Moore, Elaine A. and Mortimer, Michael
Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, 27(3) (pp. 155-164)
Defect clusters in titanium-substituted spinel-related lithium ferrite (2004-10)
Widatallah, H.M. and Moore, E.A.
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 65(10) (pp. 1663-1667)
The Magnetic hyperfine field in tin-doped Fe3O4: variations during oxidation and subsequent phase transformations (2004-07-21)
Berry, Frank; Helgason, Om; Moore, Elaine; Mosselmans, Frederick and Ren, Xiaolin
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 16(28) (pp. 5119-5128)
Ab initio calculations of Co shielding in model complexes (2002-08)
Moore, Elaine
International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 3(8) (pp. 873-887)
Tin-, titanium-, and magnesium-doped alpha-Cr2O3: characterisation and rationalisation of the structures (2002-07-24)
Ayub, Ibrar; Berry, Frank J.; Johnson, Clive; Johnson, David A.; Moore, Elaine A.; Ren, Xiaolin and Widatallah, Hisham M.
Solid State Communications, 123(3-4) (pp. 141-145)
Prediction of defect structure in lithiated tin- and titanium-doped alpha-Fe2O3 using atomistic simulation (2002-03)
Moore, Elaine A.; Widatallah, Hisham M. and Berry, Frank J.
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 63(3) (pp. 519-523)
15N NMR shielding tensors in bent nitrosyl complexes of cobalt (2002-01-09)
Moore, Elaine A. and Mason, Joan
Journal of Molecular Structure, 602 - 603 (pp. 347-356)
Nitrogen NMR spectroscopy of metal nitrosyls and related compounds (2002)
Mason, Joan; Larkworthy, Leslie and Moore, Elaine
Chemical Reviews, 102(4) (pp. 913-934)
Investigation of defect structures formed by doping tetravalent ions into spinel-related iron oxides using atomistic simulation calculations (2001-07)
Moore, Elaine; Bohorquez, A.; Berry, Frank; Helgason, O. and Marco, J.F.
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 62 (pp. 1277-1284)
Influence of zinc doping on the structural and magnetic properties of alpha-Fe2O3 (2001-02)
Ayub, Ibrar; Berry, Frank J.; Bilsborrow, Robert L.; Helgason, Orn; Mercader, Roberto C.; Moore, Elaine A.; Stewart, Silvana J. and Wynn, Paul G.
Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 156(2) (pp. 408-414)
Nanocrystalline Oxides and Sulphides prepared by Hydrothermal Processing and Mechanical Milling (2003)
Berry, Frank; Bohorquez, A; Helgason, O; Jiang, J; Marco, J; Moore, Elaine and Morup, S
In: Mashlan, Miroslav; Miglierini, Marcel and Schaaf, Peter eds. Material Research in Atomic Scale by Mossbauer Spectroscopy. NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry (94) (pp. 1-10)
ISBN : 978-1-4020-1196-2 | Publisher : Springer | Published : Netherlands

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