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Dr Axel Hagermann

Profile summary

  • Visiting Informal Academic
  • Visiting Fellow
  • Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics
  • School of Physical Sciences
  • axel.hagermann

Professional biography


2011-2013:  Lecturer, DPS, The Open University
2007-2010:      Aurora Academic Fellow, PSSRI, The Open University
Jan-Mar 2010: Visiting Associate Professor, JAXA ISAS, Japan
2002-2003:      Rosetta Radio Science Experiment Manager, Institut für Geophysik und Meteorologie, Universität zu Köln, Germany
2000-2002:     JSPS Postdoctoral Research Fellow, ISAS (now JAXA) Japan, supported by Alexander von Humboldt Foundation
1996-2000:     Research associate/assistant, Institut für Planetologie, Münster University


Research interests

  • Energy and mass transfer on planetary surfaces
    • Cometary and planetary near-surface processes
    • Small scale interaction of planetary surfaces and atmospheres
    • Lunar and planetary surface heat flow (and ways of measuring it)
  • Titan surface and atmospheric properties
  • Methodology of instruments, measurements and data analysis, multi-sensor fusion
  • Applied inverse theory

    Physics of the martian polar caps

    Planetary heat flow inversion

    Reanalysis of Apollo data

    Teaching interests

    • SMT359 Electromagnetism
    • SXP288 Practical Science: Physics and Astronomy
    • SXR208 Observing the Universe
    • S104 Exploring Science
    • S103 Discovering Science
    • S176 Living without Oil
    • S196 Planets: an Introduction

    Research Activity

    Research groups

    NameTypeParent Unit
    Centre for Earth, Planetary, Space and Astronomical Research (CEPSAR)CentreFaculty of Science


    Externally funded projects

    Mars' past climate and current heat flow

    RoleStart dateEnd dateFunding source
    Lead01/Oct/201730/Sep/2020UKSA UK Space Agency
    Response to the UKSA's 2016 Aurora Science call

    Planetary Science at the Open University 2017-2020

    RoleStart dateEnd dateFunding source
    Co-investigator01/Apr/201731/Aug/2020STFC Science & Technology Facilities Council
    Our proposed research programme addresses the origin and evolution of the Solar System, including surfaces, atmospheres and physical, geological, chemical and biological processes on the terrestrial planets, the Moon, asteroids, comets, icy satellites and extraterrestrial materials, in a range of projects which address the STFC Science Roadmap challenge B: “How do stars and planetary systems develop and is life unique to our planet?” The inner rocky bodies of the Solar System are of particular importance in understanding planetary system evolution, because of their common origin but subsequent divergent histories. Lunar samples will be used to determine the abundance and composition of volatile elements on the Moon, their source(s) in the lunar interior, and processes influencing their evolution over lunar geological history. Oxygen isotope analysis will be used to determine the conditions and processes that shape the formation of materials during the earliest stages of Solar System formation. Mars is the focus of international Solar System exploration programmes, with the ultimate aim of Mars Sample Return. We will: investigate the martian water cycle on global and local scales through a synthesis of atmospheric modeling, space mission data and surface geology; assess potential changes in the composition of Mars’ atmosphere over time through measurement of tracers trapped in martian meteorites of different ages; and determine whether carbon dioxide, rather than water flow, is able to account for recently active surface features on Mars. Mercury is an end-member in the planet-formation spectrum and we plan to exploit NASA MESSENGER data to study its origin and crustal evolution, and prepare for ESA’s BepiColombo mission. The cold outer regions of the Solar System, and particularly comets, are believed to have retained some of the most pristine primitive material from their formation. We plan to probe the composition and origins of cometary material and understand the processes that drive cometary activity through: laboratory analysis of the most primitive Interplanetary Dust Particles; and direct measurements of a comet by our instruments on the Rosetta mission, together with laboratory simulations. We will conduct laboratory ultraviolet observations of irradiated ices to provide new insights into the composition of Solar System ices and how they may create atmospheres around their parent bodies. We will also investigate the role volatiles can play in the cohesion (“making”) of Solar System minor bodies, and the fragmentation that can be achieved by thermal cycling (a candidate process that “breaks” them). The question of whether Earth is a unique location for life in the Solar System remains one of the most enduring questions of our time. We plan to investigate how the geochemistry of potentially habitable environments on Mars, Europa and Enceladus would change over geological timescales if life was present, producing distinguishable biomarkers that could be used as evidence of life in the Solar System. We will study the role of hypervelocity impacts in: the processing of compounds of critical interest to habitability (water, sulfur-species, organic species) during crater formation; and the hydrothermal system of the 100 km diameter Manicouagan impact structure in Canada to assess the astrobiological implications of hydrothermal systems for early Mars. In addition to satisfying humanity’s innate desire to explore and understand the Universe around us, our research has more tangible benefits. We use the analytical techniques involved from development of space and laboratory instrumentation for applications with companies in fields as diverse as medicine, security, tourism and cosmetics. One of the most important benefits of our research is that it helps to train and inspire students - the next generation of scientists and engineers – through training within the University and public outreach and schools programmes.

    Multi-instrument analysis of Rosetta data - Establishing a new paradigm for cometary activity and composition

    RoleStart dateEnd dateFunding source
    Co-investigator29/Feb/201631/Aug/2018EC (European Commission): FP(inc.Horizon2020, H2020, ERC)
    A multi-disciplinary, pan-European project to consider the implications of the results from the Rosetta space mission.

    Astronomy and Planetary Sciences at the Open University

    RoleStart dateEnd dateFunding source
    Co-investigator01/Apr/201431/Mar/2017STFC Science & Technology Facilities Council
    The aim of our programme in Astronomy & Planetary Science at the Open University (APSOU) is to carryout detailed investigations of the origin and evolution of galaxies, stars and planets with a special emphasis on our own Solar System through a combination of observation, simulation, laboratory analysis and theoretical modelling. Our research is divided into two broad areas, reflecting the historical research strengths. This research programme is well-matched to both nationally- and internationally-agreed research imperatives. In its final report, A Science Vision for European Astronomy2, Astronet’s Science Working Group identified four broad areas of strategic importance; our research covers major topics within each of these areas. APSOU projects also map onto two of the four Science Challenges that form STFC’s Road Map3 for science (‘How did the universe begin and how is it evolving?’ and ‘How do stars and planetary systems develop and is life unique to our planet?’). The present APSOU programme comprises 20 projects (labelled A to T), of which 6 are for consideration by the Astronomy Observation (AO) panel, 1 for Astronomy Theory (AT), and 13 for the Planetary Studies (PL) panel. The AO projects cover the breadth of the 7 themes recognised as UK strengths in the report of STFC’s Astronomy Advisory Panel (AAP), whilst the 13 PL projects are directed towards answering questions raised in two of the three themes identified as UK strengths in the roadmap of STFC’s Solar System Advisory Panel (SSAP)4.


    The distribution of putative periglacial landforms on the martian northern plains (2018-11-01)
    Barrett, Alexander M.; Balme, Matthew R.; Patel, Manish R. and Hagermann, Axel
    Icarus, 314 (pp. 133-148)
    Constraining the parameter space of comet simulation experiments (2018-09-01)
    Kaufmann, Erika and Hagermann, Axel
    Icarus, 311 (pp. 105-112)
    The Penetration of Solar Radiation into Carbon Dioxide Ice (2018-03-25)
    Chinnery, H. E.; Hagermann, A.; Kaufmann, E. and Lewis, S. R.
    Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 123(4) (pp. 864-871)
    CO 2 sublimation in Martian gullies: laboratory experiments at varied slope angle and regolith grain sizes (2018-02-26)
    Sylvest, Matthew E.; Dixon, John C.; Conway, Susan J.; Patel, Manish R.; McElwaine, Jim N.; Hagermann, Axel and Barnes, Adam
    Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 467 ((Early Access))
    Clastic Polygonal Networks Around Lyot Crater, Mars: Possible Formation Mechanisms From Morphometric Analysis (2018)
    Brooker, L. M.; Balme, M. R.; Conway, S. J.; Hagermann, A.; Barrett, A. M.; Collins, G. S. and Soare, R. J.
    Icarus, 302 (pp. 386-406)
    Influence of petrographic textures on the shapes of impact experiment fine fragments measuring several tens of microns: Comparison with Itokawa regolith particles (2018)
    Michikami, Tatsuhiro; Kadokawa, Tokiyuki; Tsuchiyama, Akira; Hagermann, Axel; Nakano, Tsukasa; Uesugi, Kentaro and Hasegawa, Sunao
    Icarus, 302 (pp. 109-125)
    Recent basal melting of a mid-latitude glacier on Mars (2017-12)
    Butcher, Frances E. G.; Balme, M. R.; Gallagher, C.; Arnold, N. S.; Conway, S. J.; Hagermann, A. and Lewis, S. R.
    Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 122(12) (pp. 2445-2468)
    Clastic patterned ground in Lomonosov crater, Mars: examining fracture controlled formation mechanisms (2017-10)
    Barrett, Alexander M.; Balme, Matthew R.; Patel, Manish R. and Hagermann, Axel
    Icarus, 295 (pp. 125-139)
    Experimental investigation of insolation-driven dust ejection from Mars’ CO2 ice caps (2017)
    Kaufmann, E. and Hagermann, A.
    Icarus, 282 (pp. 118-126)
    Thermal Infrared Imaging Experiments of C-Type Asteroid 162173 Ryugu on Hayabusa2 (2016-09-27)
    Okada, Tatsuaki; Fukuhara, Tetsuya; Tanaka, Satoshi; Taguchi, Makoto; Imamura, Takeshi; Arai, Takehiko; Senshu, Hiroki; Ogawa, Yoshiko; Demura, Hirohide; Kitazato, Kohei; Nakamura, Ryosuke; Kouyama, Toru; Sekiguchi, Tomohiko; Hasegawa, Sunao; Matsunaga, Tsuneo; Wada, Takehiko; Takita, Jun; Sakatani, Naoya; Horikawa, Yamato; Endo, Ken; Helbert, Jörn; Müller, Thomas G. and Hagermann, Axel
    Space Science Reviews, 208(1-4) (pp. 255-286)
    Detection of structure in asteroid analogue materials and Titan’s regolith by a landing spacecraft (2016-08-01)
    Paton, M.D.; Green, S. F.; Ball, A. J.; Zarnecki, J. C. and Hagermann, A.
    Advances in Space Research, 58(3) (pp. 415-437)
    Thermal and microstructural properties of fine-grained material at the Viking Lander 1 site (2016-06)
    Paton, M.D.; Harri, A.-M.; Savijärvi, H.; Mäkinen, T.; Hagermann, A.; Kemppinen, O. and Johnston, A.
    Icarus, 271 (pp. 360-374)
    Fragment shapes in impact experiments ranging from cratering to catastrophic disruption (2016-01-15)
    Michikami, Tatsuhiro; Hagermann, Axel; Kadokawa, Tokiyuki; Yoshida, Akifumi; Shimada, Akira; Hasegawa, Sunao and Tsuchiyama, Akira
    Icarus, 264 (pp. 316-330)
    Planetary heat flow from shallow subsurface measurements: Mars (2016)
    Cornwall, Marc and Hagermann, Axel
    Planetary And Space Science, 131 (pp. 46-59)
    Comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko: Hardening of the sub-surface layer (2015-11-01)
    Kossacki, Konrad J.; Spohn, T.; Hagermann, A.; Kaufmann, E. and Kührt, E.
    Icarus, 260 (pp. 464-474)
    Thermal and mechanical properties of the near-surface layers of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko (2015-07-31)
    Spohn, T.; Knollenberg, J.; Ball, A. J.; Banaszkiewicz, M.; Benkhoff, J.; Grott, M.; Grygorczuk, J.; Hüttig, C.; Hagermann, A.; Kargl, G.; Kaufmann, E.; Kömle, N.; Kuhrt, E.; Kossacki, K. J.; Marczewski, W.; Pelivan, I.; Schrödter, R. and Seiferlin, K.
    Science, 349, Article aab0464(6247)
    Penetration of solar radiation into pure and Mars-dust contaminated snow (2015-05-15)
    Kaufmann, E. and Hagermann, A.
    Icarus, 252 (pp. 144-149)
    Impact cratering experiments in brittle targets with variable thickness: implications for deep pit craters on Mars (2014-06)
    Michikami, T.; Hagermann, A.; Miyamoto, H.; Miura, S.; Haruyama, J. and Lykawka, P. S.
    Planetary and Space Science, 96 (pp. 71-80)
    Silence on Shangri-La: attenuation of Huygens acoustic signals suggests surface volatiles (2014-01)
    Lorenz, Ralph D.; Leese, Mark R.; Hathi, Brijen; Zarnecki, John C.; Hagermann, Axel; Rosenberg, Phil; Towner, Martin C.; Garry, James and Svedhem, Håkan
    Planetary And Space Science, 90 (pp. 72-80)
    A branching, positive relief network in the middle member of the Medusae Fossae Formation, Equatorial Mars - evidence for sapping? (2013-09-01)
    Harrison, S. K.; Balme, M. R.; Hagermann, A.; Murray, J. B.; Muller, J.-P. and Wilson, A.
    Planetary And Space Science, 85 (pp. 142-163)
    WatSen: design and testing of a prototype mid-IR spectrometer and microscope package for Marsexploration (2013-08)
    Wolters, S. D.; Hagene, J. K.; Sund, A. T.; Bohman, A.; Guthery, W.; Sund, B. T.; Hagermann, A.; Tomkinson, T.; Romstedt, J.; Morgan, G. H. and Grady, M. M.
    Experimental Astronomy, 36(1-2) (pp. 175-193)
    Lunar Net - a proposal in response to an ESA M3 call in 2010 for a medium sized mission (2012)
    Smith, Alan; Crawford, I. A.; Gowen, Robert Anthony; Ambrosi, R.; Anand, M.; Banerdt, B.; Bannister, S.; Bowles, N.; Braithwaite, C.; Brown, P.; Chela-Flores, J.; Cholinser, T.; Church, P.; Coates, A. J.; Colaprete, T.; Collins, G.; Collinson, G.; Cook, T.; Elphic, R.; Fraser, G.; Gao, Y.; Gibson, E.; Glotch, T.; Grande, M.; Hagermann, A.; Heldmann, J.; Hood, L. L.; Jones, A. P.; Joy, K. H.; Khavroshkin, O.; Klingelhoefer, G.; Knapmeyer, M.; Kramer, G.; Phipps, A.; Pullan, D.; Pike, W.T.; Lawrence, D.; Marczewsk, S.; Rask, J.; Richard, D. T.; Seweryn, K.; Sheridan, S.; Sims, M. R.; Sweeting, M.; Swindle, T.; Talboys, D.; Taylor, L.; Teanby, N; Tong, V; Ulamec, S; Wawrzaszek, R; Wieczorek, M; Wilson, L. and Wright, Ian
    Experimental Astronomy, 33(2-3) (pp. 587-644)
    Penetrators for in situ subsurface investigations of Europa (2011-08-16)
    Gowen, R. A.; Smith, A.; Fortes, A. D.; Barber, S.; Brown, P.; Church, P.; Collinson, G.; Coates, A. J.; Collins, G.; Crawford, I. A.; Dehant, V.; Chela-Flores, J.; Griffiths, A. D.; Grindrod, P. M.; Gurvits, L. I.; Hagermann, A.; Hussmann, H.; Jaumann, R.; Jones, A. P.; Joy, K. H.; Karatekin, O.; Miljkovic, K.; Palomba, E.; Pike, W. T.; Prieto-Ballesteros, O.; Raulin, F.; Sephton, M. A.; Sheridan, S.; Sims, M.; Storrie-Lombardi, M. C.; Ambrosi, R.; Fielding, J.; Fraser, G.; Gao, Y.; Jones, G. H.; Kargl, G.; Karl, W. J.; Macagnano, A.; Mukherjee, A.; Muller, J. P.; Phipps, A.; Pullan, D.; Richter, L.; Sohl, F.; Snape, J.; Sykes, J. and Wells, N.
    Advances in Space Research, 48(4) (pp. 725-742)
    In situ methods for measuring thermal properties and heat flux on planetary bodies (2011-06)
    Kömle, Norbert I.; Hütter, Erika S.; Macher, Wolfgang; Kaufmann, Erika; Kargl, Gunther; Knollenberg, Jorg; Grott, Matthias; Spohn, Tilman; Wawrzaszek, Roman; Banaszkiewicz, Marek; Seweryn, Karoly and Hagermann, Axel
    Planetary And Space Science, 59(8) (pp. 639-660)
    Mars research and priorities in the Aurora programme (2011-04)
    Hagermann, Axel and Bridges, John
    Astronomy & Geophysics, 52(2) (pp. 2.34-2.36)
    Penetrometry of granular and moist planetary surface materials: Application to the Huygens landing site on Titan (2010-12)
    Atkinson, Karl R.; Zarnecki, John C.; Towner, Martin C.; Ringrose, Timothy J.; Hagermann, Axel; Ball, Andrew J.; Leese, Mark R.; Kargl, Gunter; Paton, Mark D.; Lorenz, Ralph D. and Green, Simon F.
    Icarus, 210(2) (pp. 843-851)
    Mapping Medusae Fossae Formation materials in the southern highlands of Mars (2010-10)
    Harrison, S. K.; Balme, M. R.; Hagermann, A.; Murray, J. P. and Muller, J-P.
    Icarus, 209(2) (pp. 405-415)
    Computer modelling of a penetrator thermal sensor (2010)
    Paton, M. D.; Kargl, G.; Ball, A. J.; Green, S. F.; Hagermann, A.; Kömle, N. I.; Thiel, M. and Zarnecki, J. C.
    Advances in Space Research, 46(3) (pp. 337-345)
    Towards a holistic framework for driving performance in externally-funded academic research (2009-04)
    Hagermann, Axel
    Higher Education Quarterly, 63(2) (pp. 196-206)
    LunarEX: a proposal to cosmic vision (2009-03)
    Smith, A.; Crawford, I. A.; Gowen, R. A.; Ball, A. J.; Barber, S. J.; Church, P.; Coates, A. J.; Gao, Y.; Griffiths, A. D.; Hagermann, A.; Joy, K. H.; Phipps, A.; Pike, W. T.; Scott, R.; Sheridan, S.; Sweeting, M.; Talboys, D.; Tong, V.; Wells, N.; Biele, J.; Chela-Flores, J.; Dabrowski, B.; Flannagan, J.; Grande, M.; Grygorczuk, J.; Kargl, G.; Khavroshkin, O. B.; Klingelhoefer, G.; Knapmeyer, M.; Marczewski, W.; McKenna-Lawlor, S.; Richter, L.; Rothery, D. A.; Seweryn, K.; Ulamec, S.; Wawrzaszek, R.; Wieczorek, M.; Wright, I. P. and Sims, M.
    Experimental Astronomy, 23(3) (pp. 711-740)
    A Combined Synthesis and Modelling Approach to Investigate Formation of Carbonates on Mars (2009)
    Tomkinson, T.; Wright, I. P.; Hagermann, A.; Needham, A. W. and Grady, M. M.
    Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 44(7) (p 5333)
    In situ thermal conductivity measurements of Titan's lower atmosphere (2008-10)
    Hathi, B.; Ball, A. J.; Banaszkiewicz, M.; Daniell, P. M.; Garry, J. R. C.; Hagermann, A.; Leese, M. R.; Lorenz, R. D.; Rosenberg, P. D.; Towner, M. C. and Zarnecki, J. C.
    Icarus, 197(2) (pp. 579-584)
    The Huygens surface science package sound speed measurements and the methane content of Titan's atmosphere (A) (2008-05)
    Hagermann, Axel; Towner, Martin; Rosenberg, Philip; Garry, J R; Svedhem, H; Leese, Mark; Hathi, Brijen; Lorenz, R D and Zarnecki, John
    Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 123(5) (pp. 3401-3401)
    The Huygens scientific data archive: Technical overview (2008)
    Witasse, Olivier; Lyle, Huber; Zender, Joe; Lebreton, Jean-Pierre; Beebe, Reta; Heather, David; Matson, Dennis L.; Zarnecki, John; Wheadon, Joe; Trautner, Roland; Tomasko, Marty; Leon Stoppato, Piero; Simoes, Fernando; See, Chuck; Perez-Ayucar, Miguel; Pennanech, Cyril; Niemann, Hasso; McFarlane, Lisa; Leese, Mark; Kazeminejad, Bobby; Israel, Guy; Hathi, Brijen; Hagermann, Axel; Haberman, John; Fulchignoni, Marcello; Ferri, Francesca; Dutta-Roy, Robindro; Doose, Lyn; Demick-Montelara, Jaime; Colombatti, Giacomo; Brun, Jean-Francis; Bird, Michael; Atkinson, David and Aboudan, Alessio
    Planetary And Space Science, 56(5) (pp. 770-777)
    Studying the oxygen and carbon isotope characteristics of carbonate analogues to ALH 84001 (2008)
    Tomkinson, Tim; Wade, Jonathan; Busemann, Henner; Franchi, Ian; Hagermann, Axel; Wright, Ian; Wolters, Stephen and Grady, Monica
    Meteoritics and Planetary Science, 43, (A155)
    Descent motions of the Huygens probe as measured by the Surface Science Package (SSP): Turbulent evidence for a cloud layer (2007-11)
    Lorenz, Ralph D.; Zarnecki, John C.; Towner, Martin C.; Leese, Mark R.; Ball, Andrew J.; Hathi, Brijen; Hagermann, Axel and Ghafoor, Nadeem A. L
    Planetary and Space Science, 55(13) (pp. 1936-1948)
    Speed of sound measurements and the methane abundance in Titan's atmosphere (2007-08)
    Hagermann, A.; Rosenberg, P. D.; Towner, M. C.; Garry, J. R. C.; Svedhem, H.; Leese, M. R.; Hathi, B.; Lorenz, R. D. and Zarnecki, J. C.
    Icarus, 189(2) (pp. 538-543)
    Mupus – A Thermal and Mechanical Properties Probe for the Rosetta Lander Philae (2007-02)
    Spohn, Tilman; Seiferlin, Karsten; Hagermann, Axel; Knollenberg, Jörg; Ball, Andrew J.; Banaszkiewicz, Marek; Johannes, Johannes; Gadomski, Stanislaw; Gregorczyk, Wojciech; Grygorczuk, Jerzy; Hlond, Marek; Kargl, Günter; Kührt, Ekkehard; Kömle, Norbert; Krasowski, Jacek; Marczewski, Wojciech and Zarnecki, John C.
    Space Science Reviews, 128(1-4) (pp. 339-362)
    Thermal conductivity instrument for measuring planetary atmospheric properties and data analysis technique (2007-01)
    Hathi, B.; Daniell, P. M.; Banaszkiewicz, M.; Hagermann, A.; Leese, M. R. and Zarnecki, J. C.
    Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 87(2) (pp. 585-590)
    The unanalysed Apollo heat flow data set (2007)
    Saito, Y; Tanaka, S; Takita, J; Horai, K and Hagermann, Axel
    Bulletin of the Japanese Planetary Society, 16(2) (pp. 158-164)
    Ejecta deposit thickness, heat flow, and a critical ambiguity on the Moon (2006-10)
    Hagermann, A. and Tanaka, S.
    Geophysical Research Letters, 33 (L19203)
    Virial treatment of the speed of sound in cold, dense atmospheres and application to Titan (2006-05)
    Hagermann, A. and Zarnecki, J.C.
    Monthly Notices Of The Royal Astronomical Society, 368(1) (pp. 321-324)
    Inferring the composition of the liquid Surface on Titan at the Huygens probe landing site from Surface Science Package measurements (2006)
    Hagermann, A.; Ball, A.J.; Hathi, B.; Leese, M.R.; Lorenz, R.D.; Rosenberg, P.D.; Towner, M.C. and Zarnecki, J.C.
    Advances in Space Research, 38(4) (pp. 794-798)
    Particle lifting at the soil-air interface by atmospheric pressure excursions in dust devils (2006)
    Balme, M.R. and Hagermann, A.
    Geophysical Research Letters, 33 (L19S01)
    Planetary heat flow measurements (2005-12-15)
    Hagermann, Axel
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 363(1837) (pp. 2777-2791)
    A soft solid surface on Titan as revealed by the Huygens Surface Science Package (2005-12-08)
    Zarnecki, John; Leese, Mark; Hathi, Brijen; Ball, Andrew; Hagermann, Axel; Towner, Martin; Lorenz, R. D.; McDonnell, James; Green, Simon F.; Patel, Manish; Ringrose, Tim; Rosenberg, Philip; Atkinson, K; Paton, M. D.; Banaszkiewicz, M.; Clark, B. C.; Ferri, F.; Fulchignoni, M; Ghafoor, N. A. L.; Kargl, G.; Svedhem, H.; Delderfield, J.; Grande, M.; Parker, D. J.; Challenor, P. G. and Geake, J. E.
    Nature, 438(7069) (pp. 792-795)
    Speed of sound in nitrogen as a function of temperature and pressure (2005-09)
    Hagermann, Axel and Zarnecki, John
    Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 118(3) (pp. 1272-1273)
    Physical properties as indicators of liquid compositions: derivation of the composition for Titan's surface liquids from the Huygens SSP measurements (2005-05)
    Hagermann, A.; Zarnecki, J.C.; Towner, M.C.; Rosenberg, P.D.; Lorenz, M.C.; Leese, R.D.; Hathi, B. and Ball, A.J.
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 359(2) (pp. 637-642)
    Prelaunch performance evaluation of the cometary experiment MUPUS-TP (2004)
    Marczewski, W.; Schroer, K.; Seiferlin, K.; Usowicz, B.; Banaszkiewicz, M.; Hlond, M.; Grygorczuk, J.; Gadomski, S.; Krasowski, J.; Gregorczyk, W.; Kargl, G.; Hagermann, Axel; Ball, Andrew; Kuhrt, E.; Knollenberg, J. and Spohn, T.
    Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 109(E7) (E07S09)
    The modified Rankine balance: A highly efficient, low-cost method to measure low-temperature magnetic susceptibility in rock samples (2002-07)
    Hagermann, A. and Schnepp, E.
    Review of Scientific Instruments, 73(7) (pp. 2655-2558)
    A Heat flow and physical properties package for the surface of Mercury (2001-12)
    Spohn, Tilman; Ball, Andrew J.; Seiferlin, Karsten; Conzelmann, Vera; Hagermann, Axel; Komle, Norbert I. and Kargl, Gunter
    Planetary and Space Science, 49(14-15) (pp. 1571-1577)
    A method to invert MUPUS temperature recordings for the subsurface temperature field of P/Wirtanen (1999)
    Hagermann, A. and Spohn, T.
    Advances in Space Research, 23(7) (pp. 1333-1336)
    Application of penetrators within the solar system (2010-06)
    Smith, Alan; Gowen, Robert A.; Rees, Kerrin; Theobald, Craig; Brown, Patrick; Pike, William T.; Hopf, Toby; Kumar, Sunil; Church, Philip; Gao, Yang; Jones, Adrain; Joy, Katherine H.; Crawford, Ian A.; Sheridan, Simon; Hagermann, Axel; Barber, Simeon J.; Ball, Andrew J. and Wells, Nigel
    In: Anil, Bhardwaj ed. Advances in Geosciences. Planetary Science (PS) (pp. 307-320)
    ISBN : 978-981-283-815-5 | Publisher : World Scientific | Published : Sinapore
    Titan surface mechanical properties from the SSP ACC-I record of the impact deceleration of the Huygens probe (2009-03-27)
    Lorenz, R.; Kargl, G.; Ball, A.; Zarnecki, J.; Towner, M.; Leese, M.; McDonnell, J.; Atkinson, K.; Hathi, B. and Hagermann, A.
    In: Kargl, G.; Kömle, N.; Ball, A. and Lorenz, R. D. eds. Penetrometry in the Solar System II (pp. 147-155)
    ISBN : 978-3-7001-6531-6 | Publisher : Austrian Academy of Sciences Press | Published : Vienna
    Thermal measurements on penetrators: geometry, sensitivity and optimisation issues (2009)
    Hagermann, A.; Tanaka, S. and Saito, Y.
    In: Kargl, Günther; Kömle, Norbert I.; Ball, Andrew J. and Lorenz, Ralph D. eds. Penetrometry in the Solar System II (pp. 109-122)
    ISBN : 978-3-7001-6531-6 | Publisher : Austrian Academy of Sciences Press | Published : Vienna
    MaRS: Mars Express Orbiter Radio Science (2004-08)
    Patzold, M.; Neubauer, F. M.; Carone, L.; Hagermann, A.; Stanzel, C.; Hausler, B.; Remus, S.; Selle, J.; Hagl, D.; Hinson, D. P.; Simpson, R. A.; Tyler, G. L.; Asmar, S. W.; Axford, W. I.; Hagfors, T.; Barriot, J.-P.; Cerisier, J.-C.; Imamura, T.; Oyama, K.-I.; Janle, P.; Kirchengast, G. and Dehant, V.
    In: Wilson, A. ed. Mars express: The scientific payload (pp. 141-163)
    ISBN : 9290925566 | Publisher : ESA Publications Division | Published : Noordwijk
    Penetrators as tools for thermal measurements: The MUPUS case (2001)
    Seiferlin, K.; Hagermann, A.; Banaskiewicz, M. and Spohn, T.
    In: Kömle, N. I.; Kargl, G.; Ball, A. J. and Lorenz, R. D. eds. Penetrometry in the Solar System (pp. 161-184)
    ISBN : 9783700129684 | Publisher : Austrian Academy of Science Press | Published : Vienna, Austria
    Evidence for Recent Wet-Based Crater Glaciation in Tempe Terra, Mars. (2018)
    Butcher, F. E.G; Balme, M. R.; Gallagher, C.; Arnold, N. S; Conway, S. J.; Storrar, R. D.; Hagermann, A. and Lewis, S. R.
    In : 49th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (19-23 Mar 2018, The Woodlands, Houston, Texas, USA)
    Glacier-Linked Eskers on Mars: Environments of Recent Wet-Based Glaciation From Numerical Models (2018)
    Butcher, F. E.G; Arnold, N. S.; Balme, M. R; Gallagher, C; Conway, S. J.; Hagermann, A and Lewis, S. R.
    In : 49th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (19-23 Mar 2018, The Woodlands, Houston, Texas, USA)
    Eskers associated with Extant Glaciers in Mid-Latitude Graben on Mars: Evidence for Geothermal Controls upon Recent Basal Melting (2017-03)
    Butcher, F. E.G.; Gallagher, C.; Arnold, N. S.; Balme, M. R.; Conway, S. J.; Lewis, S. R. and Hagermann, A.
    In : 48th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (20-24 Mar 2017, Houston, Texas, USA)
    Morphometric Characterisation of Eskers Associated with an Extant Mid-Latitude Glacier on Mars (2017-03)
    Butcher, F. E.G.; Gallagher, C.; Arnold, N. S.; Balme, M. R.; Conway, S. J.; Lewis, S. R. and Hagermann, A.
    In : 48th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (20-24 Mar 2017, Houston, Texas, USA)
    New evidence for geothermal controls upon recent basal melting of mid-latitude glaciers on Mars (2017)
    Butcher, Frances; Gallagher, Colman; Arnold, Neil; Balme, Matthew; Conway, Susan; Lewis, Stephen and Hagermann, Axel
    In : EGU General Assembly 2017 (23-28 Apr 2017, Vienna, Austria)
    One-off in situ measurements and a posteriori data reduction - what can we learn about optimal experiment design? (2012-09)
    Hagermann, A.
    In : European Planetary Science Congress 2012 (23-28 Sep 2012, Madrid, Spain)
    Thermal-infrared imager TIR on Hayabsua-2: Thermal properties of C-class asteroid 1999JU3 (2012-05)
    Okada, T.; Fukuhara, T.; Tanaka, S.; Taguchi, M.; Nakamura, R.; Sekiguchi, T.; Hasegawa, S.; Ogawa, Y.; Kitazato, K.; Matsunaga, T.; Imamura, T.; Wada, T.; Arai, T.; Yamamoto, Y.; Takaki, R.; Tachikawa, S.; Helbert, J.; Mueller, T. and Hagermann, A.
    In : Asteroids, Comets, Meteors (ACM) 2012 (16-20 May 2012, Niigata, Japan) (p 6136)
    A combined carbon and oxygen isotopic analysis of ALH84001 carbonates with NanoSIMS (2010)
    Tomkinson, T.; Guillermier, C.; Needham, A. W.; Franchi, I. A.; Wright, I. P.; Hagermann, A. and Grady, M. M.
    In : 73rd Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society (26-30 Jul 2010, New York City, NY, USA)
    Determining the carbon isotopic composition of ALH84001 rosettes with NanoSIMS (2010)
    Tomkinson, Tim; Needham, A. W.; Johnson, D.; Guillermier, C.; Franchi, I.; Hagermann, A.; Wright, I. P. and Grady, M. M.
    In : 41st Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (1-5 Mar 2010, Houston, TX, USA)
    Lunar science below the surface - the MoonLITE Low Cost Penetrator Mission (2009-10-04)
    Hagermann, Axel; Smith, Alan; Gowen, Rob; Coates, AJ; Crawford, AI; Sheridan, Simon; Barber, Simeon; Pike, T; Gao, Y; Church, P; Wells, N; Phipps, A; Sims, M and Talboys, D
    In : 41st Annual Meeting of the Division for Planetary Sciences of the American Astronomical Society (4-9 Oct 2009, Fajardo, Puerto Rico, USA)
    Re-determination of deep moonquake sources using the Apollo 17 lunar surface gravimeter (2009-03)
    Kawamura, T.; Tanaka, S.; Saito, Y.; Kobayashi, Y.; Horai, K. and Hagermann, A.
    In : 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (23-27 Mar 2009, Houston) (p 1653)
    Understanding the evolution of Martian carbonates from a combined modelling and synthesis study (2009)
    Tomkinson, T.; Needham, A. W.; Grady, M. M.; Hagermann, A. and Wright, I. P.
    In : The New Martian Chemistry Workshop (27-28 Jul 2009, Medford, Massachusetts) (p 30)
    MoonLITE programmatic and technological update (2009)
    Smith, A.; Crawford, I. A.; Barber, S. J.; Brown, P.; Church, P.; Gao, Y.; Gowen, R. A.; Griffiths, A.; Hagermann, A.; Joy, K.; Pike, W.T.; Phipps, A.; Proud, W. G.; Sheridan, S.; Sims, M. R.; Talboys, D. L. and Wells, N.
    In : 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (23-27 Mar 2009, Houston) (p 1508)
    An update on MoonLITE (2008-09-02)
    Gowen, Robert; Ball, Andrew; Gao, Yang; Crawford, Ian; Smith, Alan; Winter, B.; Theobald, C.; Rees, K.; Hagermann, Axel; Sheridan, Simon; Brown, P.; Oddy, T.; Dougherty, M.; Church, Phillip; Barber, Simeon; Jones, A.; Joy, K. H.; Pike, Tom; Kumar, S.; Hope, T.; Wells, Nigel; Green, K.; Ryden, K.; Griffiths, Andrew; Phipps, Andy; Sims, Mark and Talboys, Dean
    In : International Astronautical Federation - 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008 (29 Sep - 3 Oct 2008, Glasgow, Scotland)
    The Lunar Surface Gravimeter as a Lunar Seismograph (2008-03)
    Kawamura, T.; Saito, Y.; Tanaka, S.; Ono, S.; Horai, K. and Hagermann, A.
    In : 39th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (10-14 Mar 2008, League City, Texas, USA)
    Re-Analysis of HFT Data Using the Apollo Lunar Surface Gravimeter Data (2008-03)
    Kawamura, T.; Saito, Y.; Tanaka, S.; Horai, K. and Hagermann, A.
    In : 39th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIX) (10-14 Mar 2008, League City, Texas, USA)
    The Long Term Temperature Variation in the Lunar Subsurface (2008-03)
    Saito, Y.; Tanaka, S.; Horai, K. and Hagermann, A.
    In : 39th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (10-14 Mar 2008, League City, Texas, USA)
    MoonLITE – Technological feasibility of the penetrator concept (2008-03)
    Smith, A.; Crawford, I. A.; Ball, A. J.; Barber, S. J.; Church, P.; Gao, Y.; Gowen, R. A.; Griffiths, A.; Hagermann, A.; Pike, W. T.; Phipps, A.; Sheridan, S.; Sims, M. R.; Talboys, D. L. and Wells, N.
    In : 39th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (10-14 Mar 2008, League City, Texas, USA)
    WatSen – A miniaturized package to detect water on Mars (2008-03)
    Tomkinson, T.; Wolters, S. D.; Hagermann, A.; Fraser, W. T.; Bohman, A .F.; Sund, A. T.; Hagene, J. K. and Grady, M. M.
    In : 39th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (10-14 Mar 2008, League City, Texas, USA)
    MoonLITE - technological feasibility of the penetrator concept (2008-03)
    Crawford, I.; Ball, A.; Barber, S.; Church, P.; Gao, Y.; Gowen, R. A.; Griffiths, A.; Hagermann, A.; Pike, T.; Phipps, A.; Sheridan, S.; Sims, M. R.; Talboys, D. L. and Wells, N.
    In : 39th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (10-14 Mar 2008, League City, Texas, USA)
    Kinetic penetrators for exploration of solar system bodies (2007-06-23)
    Gowen, R. A.; Smith, A.; Griffiths, A.; Coates, A.; Ball, A.; Sheridan, S.; Crawford, I.; Church, P.; Wells, N.; Barber, S.; Hagermann, A.; Gao, Y.; Phipps, A.; Talboys, D. and Pike, W. T.
    In : IPPW5 (23-29 Jun 2007, Bordeaux, France)
    Lost Apollo heat flow data suggest a different lunar bulk composition (2007)
    Saito, Y.; Tanaka, S.; Takita, J.; Horai, K. and Hagermann, A.
    In : 38th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (12-16 Mar 2007, League City, Texas, USA)
    Constraints on the Huygens landing site topography from the Surface Science Package Acoustic Properties Instrument (2006)
    Towner, M. C.; Garry, J. R. C.; Svedhem, H.; Hagermann, A.; Clark, B. C.; Lorenz, R. D.; Leese, M. R.; Hathi, B. and Zarnecki, J. C.
    In : 37th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (13-17 Mar 2006, Houston, Texas, USA)
    Derivation of globally averaged lunar heat flow from the local heat flow values and the Thorium distribution at the surface: expected improvement by the LUNAR-A Mission (2001)
    Yoshida, S.; Tanaka, S.; Hagermann, A.; Hayakawa, M.; Fujimura, A. and Mizutani, H.
    In : 32nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (12-16 Mar 2001, Houston, Texas, USA)
    Thermal in situ measurements in the Lunar Regolith using the LUNAR-A penetrators: an outline of data reduction methods (2001)
    Hagermann, A.; Tanaka, S.; Yoshida, S.; Hayakawa, M.; Fujimura, A. and Mizutani, H.
    In : 32nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (12-16 Mar 2001, Houston, Texas, USA)
    In situ lunar heat flow experiment using the LUNAR-A penetrator (2001)
    Tanaka, S.; Yoshida, S.; Hagermann, A.; Hayakawa, M.; Fujimura, A. and Mizutani, M.
    In : 32nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (12-16 Mar 2001, Houston, Texas, USA)

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